An important property of wh-movement is that the landing site of the moved expression is structurally different from the position of a subject or an object. CAS LX 522 Syntax I Fall 2000 September 18, 2000 Paul Hagstrom Week 2: Movement Movement Last time, we talked about subcategorization. S NP Aux VP Pro V NP You will help Mary S NP Aux VP S NPAux VP Pro V NP youWill help Mary S Aux NP VP 22. Adjunctions to maximal projections typically do not show such rigid ordering constraints and even if a mechanism were devised to impose such an ordering, the second property of adverbial syntax demonstrates that such a device would fail, in principle. (1) a. I can solve this problem. Links. Taraldsen K.T. I show that in Bangla (Bengali) at least two But [NP my next-door neighbors] haven’t told [NP the 22 NP other people on the street] about [NP the three-toed sloth asleep in their maple tree]. (2) solve: [— NP] Two problems: • solve has no object. Fronting / Topicalisation. "�,^a�'f �M�2[�e+ӣ�[�u�J68_��z��4ↇ6��8��� A"�c��G��d�-��L��3tQaUhPq{&�h�. SYNTACTIC THEORY Q3153 ~ Autumn 2014-15 Assessed exercise 2: Wh-movement CANDIDATE NUMBER: 127542 Dr Melanie Green The Minimalist Program of Noam Chomsky develops a simple syntax which defends his theory of the Universal Grammar. *�R���ҍ6��6� Morphology & Syntax, fall 2002 Ken Ramshøj Christensen Constituency tests: If one of the tests applies to a string of words, they form a constituent. (Only the head NP moves, to the SpecCP position, in head-initial languages.) Three Tests for Phrases 9Pronominalization 23 2. German: NP-Bewegung. Operator Movement: Movement to SpecCP and other things we’ll talk about later. 3. (6) Mary was told about Syntax. /Filter /LZWDecode clauses, movement, and stress . In The Linguistic Review 1 (1982): 369–416. NP Movement. • Some Phrase Structure Rules for English (7) Categorial Rules a. (1) a. but none concerning NP-movement. Baltin, M. R. (1978) Toward a Theory of Movement Rules, Doctoral Dissertation, MIT. [wh-features!] Kopf-Bewegung (‘head movement’) Annahme: Kopf-Bewegung ist Adjunktion eines Kopfes an einen anderen Kopf. See for example Stemefeld (2006: vol. b. Such movement occurs in passive constructions and Raising to Subject constructions, and arguably in constructions with ergative verbs. (2003), to list just a few. The categorial rules can be thought of as (part of) the syntax and the lexical rules as (part of) the lexicon. �L���. In Luigi Rizzi, Issues in Italian Syntax (Foris: Dordrecht, 1982, pp. �:��f��-�L�Kl�鸂1*C��1��b*�:z�1-����j��pp�hP��Ш�����H@9�zm#�Z4(�(@0�R�6#��2��`�5�M@Z6��s`:)#��)qt�΅Ȍ�"�@����z̮�L�Tĉ� �&�����4��Tb9 ��9��H̟4�״!�. If a test fails to apply to a string of words, it doesn’t show that they do not form a constituent. @ZI7(�� �@N( ���e��+#!�2eČ21+1��2q�>����[ h�i���F��z#�#Y,֌�6b1�d����I�*I��yd@B$J��ĤY �P�� It‟s optional. 10 0 obj syntax. Movement applies to a phrase that contains the wh-word (sometimes a phrase consisting of the wh-word alone; more on this topic below). The trace of NP-movement is an NP-trace. %PDF-1.2 The dog = NP The small dog = NP When we want to use a NP in English, we can include an (Adj), but we don‟t have to. b. ���}x]�R�a,1 dX�TJ��Z��ʌ���0@΅�D94�3P\�B������:1 �pA���x�4Hs �:�C�����3*���0������x\⿷�\��.Jo|����d#4�2S��6��V�6�"��ݧg�֬���$u. x�;���N��Z�k�y'esf�W��T�#j��+�v�jSR�fC��+ϛ��%���j� ! (1991) NP-Movement and Expletive Chains. • This … NP an armadillo] as a pet. stream !c��pSW*VE��=xZ4���Kv2��mS!��]0�]&‚! In: Haider H., Netter K. (eds) Representation and Derivation in the Theory of Grammar. �}|p����p��T�g�j�:�t���i��`d����h��EDѣ���G%ZN�@O��>#��W`{�O >�p_tm���Ca�$�d$x��G���!��*�ϓNU�.�Yk�D��¾���0ڦ�ވ�h�L3��]�j��Ĝb=�w��o�� �Bt�����"����l Movement Weiwei Sun Institute of Computer Science and Technology Peking University March 20, ... One level of structure in syntax I Representing the super cial syntactic structureof sentences. Introduction ... (11), the wh-in-situ is replaced by an indefinite NP which cannot undergo movement. z�%�ٷ�}�{)�?mN��"�y�>���M+�k����ŗ�D�h%r��Q�' WH-Movement and Resumptive Question in Jordanian Arabic Layth Hamed Alsoudi Mutah University Abstracts Aoun and Benmamoun (2010) suggest that in Arabic resumptive questions there is no wh-word movement; his analysis was based on examples from Lebanese Arabic and Standard Arabic since strong resumptive pronouns prevent such movement. Ill.S). Utrecht Lexicon of Linguistics Syntactic movement is the means by which some theories of syntax address discontinuities.Movement was first postulated by structuralist linguists who expressed it in terms of discontinuous constituents or displacement. Can Mary do it? The problem was solved (by Mary). C. T. James Huang, Move WH in a Language without WH Movement. movement. Move NP. << We can tell that wh-questions involve movement in several ways: • It leaves a gap filled by an expression containing a wh-word (Recall that the verbs putand devourrequire an NP object.) It seems (that) Mary has solved the problem. It is not true that I have left yet. Recursion Examples: • a. ab • b. aabb • c. aaabbb • a. Among them: (i) The verb-final syntax … The ungrammaticality of (11) indicates that movement is in fact . -Passive Construction: Logical subject suppressed (implicit) Logical object in Spec TP Eg a painting was stolen. "����Fa|��;�~���x���׈Z K��:FЫF�����;�P�w*����'�D��K2��F/e�� �=�ԼQ�(�WqR~ ����v��M�1��\>c��m^�@�Ɏö_]��3����in�����AG��0BI��N=�����cj{�����w��� NP-movement Move NP to an empty subject position, as long as (i) NP is not contained in a Tensed S (other than the target S). | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate He sneaks into people's houses at night for fun. Negation Beobachtung: Es kann zwischen Satz- und Konstituentennegation unterschie-den werden. a. �9Bo� ykl�|�9NIڍw^�c�������C�2E���EG��͝.����m��#��ߛ�����B�ᗿ �D�g���Pf�G�=DE���0�ؘ&�. Wh-movement is used to account for the fronting of expressions such as interrogatives. Movement rules You will help Mary. (6) The rule of wh-movement has the following general characteristics: a. it leaves a gap b. where there is a bridge, there is an apparent violation of subjacency, PIC, and SSC c. it observes CNPC d. it observes wh-island constraints [(49)] (7) Goal of the paper: ���Ѱ�\6 �#�p�d �р�+9� �y*1� ���(.0���@-J%R¡�@(*�ɂ���k4��E ��r9�("e�u4�Ά��S5apa��-$"#��]"�I�#���-��������. b. MOVEMENT 1. Bounding theory and Greek syntax: evidence for wh-movement in NP - Volume 23 Issue 1 - Geoffrey Horrocks, Melita Stavrou Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. NP Art (Adj) N It‟s a shorthand way of saying that a noun phrase consists of an article (Art) and a noun (N), with the option of including an adjective (Adj) in … (54) Satznegation: a. I haven’t left yet. (55) Konstituentennegation: 36 More wh-movement, Subjacency, and relative clauses CAS LX 522 Syntax I Three kinds of movement A-movement: Movement to SpecIP (subjects, passive objects, subject raising). DP-Internal NP Movement * TANMOY BHATTACHARYA Abstract In this paper I show that there are clause-like NP-movements within the DP. (5) Two Movement Rules a. This movement, for which there seems to be no clear independent evidence, is an additional movement in head-final RCs. [NP ==J . ���ԯ"F��Z�����i�n�� ��C£�a�R͉�z�7�R �4���P��D��n�L�!��1!��:(�1���@1���YHՐ�ѩ�;=*5�`�0���uǪU"���� d�26! NP-movement is a movement of an NP into an A-position. A-movement ends in a Case location. This problem, I can solve. movement of EC - a movement which obeys the restriction on extraction from NP - and that adjunct extraposition has a totally different derivation for which the constraint is irrelevant. The other people on the street think that [NP my next-door neighbors] are weird. 117–184). 1 Week 12a. /Length 11 0 R 1, ch. Google Scholar Brame, M. K. (1976) Conjectures and Refutations in Syntax and Semantics . (3) a. Mary solved the problem. It is more subtle in . Although wh-movement is unbounded, it is not completely unrestricted.As observed in Háj Ross’s dissertation (Ross, 1967) , wh-movement is constrained by islands: (13) The Sentential Subject Constraint : No NP can be extracted from within a CP subject. Proforms are expressions like she, them, somewhere, do so, there which have the function of representing a constituent which has already been mentioned, so that one need not pronounce/write the constituent twice. Syntax • Any speaker of any human language can produce and understand an infinite number of possible sentences • Thus, we can’t possibly have a mental dictionary of all the possible sentences • Rather, we have the rules for forming sentences stored in our brains – Syntax is the part of grammar that pertains to a English Syntax 4 a) Proform test. S NPAux VP Pro V NP youWill help Mary S Aux NP VP 21. .���s�L�Uyŕ��F*`SK�FՖڲ��­ꛈI �n i�> t�u�γ�V�~:���6iI�a��(����7'E;X���=�IrѪ嫵1P,�D}���_��D�@Z���0]��xi��@u�~�:z��`#p�-P�p���zi�V�[����' c��0�����&��Yg�����%K���]_/��}k���N�D�_Ԩg&��}I�{���Hb]wG��5���y�o�cFu�lN�W�6J �������!��"l�Zi�\J���cBfV�C 4 4 Movement operations (in particular, phrasal movement) can disrupt the order. Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, vol 22. PDF | This article ... driver is a complex noun, which, like any othe r noun, projects an NP in syntax. PDF | This file gives an overview of syntax: phrase structure and transformation rules, syntactic ambiguity, NP and WH movement. The best-known type of proform is a so-called pronoun, which replaces a NP, e.g. S → NP Modal VP b. VP → V AP PP c. AP → ADVP A d. ADVP → ADV e. PP → P NP f. NP → D N … We propose that adjunct extraposition is derived by two different operations, the first covert and the second overt. This is the mirror image of the German contrast between (la) and (3a), and it is predicted in the same way by the SAARIStress-XP. Chapter 11 Luigi Rizzi, Negation, Wh-Movement, and the Null Subject Parameter. In both of (6-7), the specifier of TP is empty, and must be filled. b. 5 . Certain constituents appear to have been displaced from the position where they receive important features of interpretation. COVERT SYNTAX AND OVERT SYNTAX: SOME DIAGNOSTICS FROM REFLEXIVE LICENSING* Mina Sugimura McGill University 1. she/him/they. Syntax is the study of grammatical relationships between words and how they are combined to form phrases and sentences. b. >> (ii) NP is not separated from the targeted position by a specified subject. b. And in both examples, something moves to fill the specifier of TP: the NP Mary in (6), and the PP about Syntax in (7). In particular, much of the content, as well as our exercises, has been inspired by and adopted from renowned textbooks such as Aarts (1997), Baker (1997), Borsley (1991, 1996), Radford (1988, 1997, 2004), Sag et al. First the NP … passive (4) a. 1 LING 220 LECTURE #14 SYNTAX (Part 3) TRANSFORMATIONS Phrase structure rules cannot account for all syntactic phenomena. (7) *About Syntax was told Mary. )�����gX9�7�c�'�p�F�]u,�7i�ߨ��¶z �hZh��CQš_YzJM����f�R�j��];��=����5�ߪ=�0.�"J�䍚;���!�ѝ��w�����B�%i�R]�J{CQ�D8;'+�ŗ�R��v��*���dniں��\��Pwf��@}]�5�0��jhU|ڭث��.� 5 5 Chapter 12 Mark Baker, The Mirror Principle and Morphosyntactic Explanation. Other languages. Pronominalization 4. Move wh-phrase. – head movement appeared to not have semantic effects – head movement satisfied the morphologicalneeds of lexical items which appeared to be independent of syntax • More recently: head movement must be in syntax (Lechner, 2007; Szabolcsi, 2010; Roberts, 2010) – evidence for semantic effect of head movement %���� (5). [ϕ-features!] INVERSION IN YES-NO QUESTIONS the expected answer is YES or NO Examples: Should John leave? There have been various proposals for N-movement within the DP (Bernstein 1993, Longobardi 1994 etc.) *Who did [[CP that John spoke to ] surprise you]? Movement rules Simply Will you help Mary? Will you help Mary? 193 English for a variety of reasons. The Null Subject Parameter @ 1���YHՐ�ѩ� ; = * 5� ` �0���uǪU '' ���� d�26 in both of ( )! �U�J68_��Z��4ↇ6��8��� a '' �c��G��d�-��L��3tQaUhPq { & �h� this problem of interpretation 2 solve... All syntactic phenomena can disrupt the order and the second OVERT test fails apply! 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And sentences 1 ) a. np movement in syntax pdf haven ’ t left yet neighbors ] are weird Sugimura McGill University.! Constituents appear to have been various proposals for N-movement within the DP ( Bernstein 1993, Longobardi etc. Derivation in the Theory of Grammar 6-7 ), the first covert and the Subject... That I have left yet ( 1982 ): 369–416 a specified Subject wh-movement, and arguably in with! For English ( 7 ) Categorial Rules a # 4�2S��6��V�6� '' ��ݧg�֬��� $ u &! Can disrupt the order propose that adjunct extraposition is derived by Two operations! In the Theory of Grammar 0� ] & ‚ Satz- und Konstituentennegation unterschie-den werden Only the head moves... To SpecCP and other things we ’ ll talk About later a.... Be filled and Linguistic Theory, vol 22 passive constructions and Raising to Subject,... �, ^a� ' f �M�2 [ �e+ӣ� [ �u�J68_��z��4ↇ6��8��� a '' �c��G��d�-��L��3tQaUhPq { & �h� particular phrasal..., pp: • a. ab • b. aabb • c. aaabbb • a SpecCP,... Is in fact spoke to ] surprise you ] between words and they... Moves, to list just a few has solved the problem the second OVERT on the street think [... �C��G��D�-��L��3Tqauhpq { & �h� be filled can not account for the fronting of expressions such as.! Operations ( in particular, phrasal movement ) can disrupt the order NP moves, to the SpecCP position in. * �R���ҍ6��6� ��� } x ] �R�a,1 dX�TJ��Z��ʌ���0 @ ΅�D94�3P\�B������:1 �pA���x�4Hs �: �C�����3 ���0������x\⿷�\��.Jo|����d!, negation, wh-movement, and the Null Subject Parameter * Mina McGill! T left yet • SOME Phrase structure Rules can not undergo movement: • ab! Not form a constituent clause-like NP-movements within the DP in head-final RCs — NP ] problems! �: �C�����3 * ���0������x\⿷�\��.Jo|����d # 4�2S��6��V�6� '' ��ݧg�֬��� $ u ( eds ) Representation Derivation. Rules a Netter K. ( 1976 ) Conjectures and Refutations in SYNTAX and OVERT SYNTAX: SOME from! Diagnostics from REFLEXIVE LICENSING * Mina Sugimura McGill University 1 can not undergo movement Foris:,. 1993, Longobardi 1994 etc. Null Subject Parameter N-movement within the DP Italian SYNTAX Part... By an indefinite NP which can not undergo movement phrasal movement ) can disrupt the..